عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Vulnerability reduction against earthquake needs clear and targeted Plans and It necessitates an integrated approach regarding the dimensions and causes of vulnerability. So, this research is aimed to assess Iran 5-years development plans and answering to these questions: 1) Do Iran 5-years development plans have integrated approach to earthquake vulnerability? 2) What changes have happened in the approach of Iran 5-years development plans to vulnerability? for answering these questions, theoretical framework has made and two hypothesis offered. For testing hypothesis, at the framework of descriptive- analytical research method, the operational definition of "quality of the approach of development plans to vulnerability" offered in 4 dimensions, 16 indexes and 64 indicators, based on the Likert scaleand by SAW AND AHP methods . Data was gathered with library method. Analysis the data were done with quantitative and descriptive method. Results for confirming the first hypothesis suggested that the degree of socio- economic dimension of vulnerability is low and unsuitable in all plans.Also the degree of the participatory- cultural aspects is low and unsuitable. But, in contrast the degree of management- commandership aspects and technical-physical dimensions has increased strongly after the second plan. Results indicates the dominance of management, technical- physical approach and lack of an integrated approach. Also, the results for approving the second hypothesis showed that the expanding of attention to disaster management and vulnerability reduction has increased quantitatively from the first plan up to the fifth plan, mostly in indexes related with management and technical- physical dimensions.