عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Population growth of Iran cities has faced with a significant increase since middle of 1980 comparing with the previous decades. Among the changes that occurred following the population increase, is the urban sprawl expansion which is due to the non-planning in the utilization of urban lands. In this regard, various urban communities have adopted different solutions for facing with urban dispersed development One of such strategies is the intelligence growth theory as an urban, regional and transportation planning theory which emphasizes on preventing the city spread and allocation of space to other land uses in the populated district or city center. The aim of this paper is the analysis of the strategies,principle and guidelines of Urban intelligence Growth by emphasizing on the future expansion of Rasht city based on Heldern population density model. The results showed that the area of Rasht in years 1961-2006 has increased from 810 to 12722 hectares and its population has increased from 109,491 to 557,336 people which the hurrying development of the city during this period.Also During the same period, the number of neighborhoods has increased from 8 to 35. Among the 100% of land Additions to the city, between 1966 -1990, 57% is related to population growth and 43% is related to horizontal expansion. Between -1991-2006, 73% was related to population and 27 %was related to the horizontal expansion of the city, which indicates the decrease of horizontal development between these years. So for control of dispersed development of the city, the intense development of the central part of the city, development of the culture for vertical development of the city and finally, providing welfare facilities in rural areas to prevent immigration villagers to the cities shall be emphasized.