عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Today, governing of cities is depending on democratic local governments. The patterns of urban local government are various in the world, The most important of them are the mayor-council, council-manager, commission, open town meeting and the representative town meeting. Among them, the council-manager model has the most contribution in the world cities. What can be called as urban local government in Iran, was started from Constitutional Movement in 1906. After that urban democratic foundations in Iran has altered under political changes and has continued up to now with different increases and decreases. This research has considered the evolution of urban local government in Iran by a historical approach in the recent century and by modeling and careful recognition of this foundation in historic periods has compared it with the patterns of urban local government in developed countries. The data required by this research has been gathered through documentary method from different laws municipality Association, City Association and Islamic Councils of the city( from Constitutional Movement to now). Resolution and analysis of data has been performed by content and logic analysis.The results of research showed that a kind of urban semi-local government has been created from the initial of 20th century. It was appeared in the form of council-manager and under the effect of political changes and political system of unitary structure form of sinuously movement had expanded and contraction power in continuous periods. This model has been equal for all of Iran’s cities and is more under the effect of powerful foundations of central government than the effect of citizen requirements.