عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Border areas due to some reasons including their distance from central parts, geographical seclusion, lack of development and ... have a great and distinguished difference with central parts from the view point of welfare and development and the establishment of border markets can adjust the one- way relationship of central part with border areas and improves the regional welfare.
This paper has studied Common Small Market of Tamrchin in Piranshahr at West Azarbaijan province through descriptive-analytical method. The statistical society of this research includes all tradesmen, merchants and other people involved in border markets who have obtained merchants and tradesmen’s card, which has been selected, based on the sample volume of 220 people and the questionnaires were distributed among them. For analyzing information, ANP model and also multi regression conceptive statistics model was used.
The results of the studies suggests that the establishment and activity of markets in the district can create a relative improvement in some welfare variables including employment, job mobility of border habitants, increase of income , supplying the requirements of border habitants, food, health, housing and environment. Also the establishment of markets has greatly reduced the informal economy of the area, but did not able to reduce the emigration of the great number of rural people particularly the young ones. In addition Tamrchin market has created a relative economic security in the area. The results of multi regression model shows that there is a significant relationship between the factors existing in Tamrchin border market and the regional welfare indices, i.e. 37% of the created welfare is the result of development of Tamrchin market.