عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Although tourism was an aspect in social field but in this age the man view about tourism is more economic and they try to increase its contribution in national income. It is mentioned that in decades, tourism activities has been much growth to the other man activities.
Formalizing the words as agrotourism, archaeological tourism, ecotourism, heal thiness tourism, sport tourism, geotourism and cultural tourism, religious tourism, economical tourism, political tourism, scenery tourism, vacation tourism show that we can develop our activities in this field. Among them, geotourism is a form of cultural - environmental tourism that can develop in areas with important geological monuments which are exploited in order to attract visitors with special interests. Geotourism is based on the magic of discovery and the power of authenticity experienced through the contact with the natural heritage of our land. Being the creative link between Nature and Culture in a region, geotourism can answer new tourist quests and trends, thereby contributing to the development of many regions in the country.
The Yazd region constitutes one of the most significant environmental and cultural reserves on Iran, strewn with unique and significant natural geological monuments that are called Geotopes.
The Geotopes are the meeting places of elements recording the geological history of each region. They are the irrefutable witnesses of an everlasting evolution of life on earth, such as volcanoes, caves, gorges, fossilized areas, large geological rifts, ancient mines, geological formations or landscapes chiseled by natural forces throughout the geological ages. Such sites have a special scientific and aesthetic value and could become areas with significant tourist interest.
Although it is a term only recently introduced in the terminology of local development, geotourism has already found application in many areas in Yazd with significant prospects for dynamic continuation and expansion.
Recent efforts to record, upgrade and exploit a number of geological sites in Yazd have produced significant results; the erratic rocks on the Fakhr-Abad, the cirques of Tezergan on Tezergan,the glacial gorge in Deh-Bala, the underground natural dam on Mehriz and Sand dam in Ashkezar and, the granite rocks and the marble mine, the gorge in Taft, the Kavir and glassi desert in Abar Kooh and Darangier to mention are cased Yazd to be as a natural history museum .