تحلیل ارتباط استراتژی‌‌های تنوع تأمین معاش با مدیریت اراضی کشاورزی مورد: مناطق روستایی شهرستان پلدختر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان ، زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

هدف مطالعه حاضر تعیین استراتژی‌های تنوع معیشتی و ارتباط آن با شیوه‌ مدیریت اراضی کشاورزی است. تحقیق حاضر از نظر هدف، کاربردی و روش انجام آن توصیفی- تحلیلی است. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه (ساختاریافته و بدون ساختار) و مصاحبه با مردم محلی بوده است. جامعه آماری شامل سرپرستان خانوارهای کشاورز در شهرستان پل‌دختر از توابع استان لرستان می‌باشد. جامعه آماری معادل 11289 نفر است. با استفادهازفرمول کوکران و به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده، 379 سرپرست خانوار کشاورز انتخاب گردید. به منظور تحلیل رابطه بین تنوع تامین معاش و مدیریت زمین‌های کشاورزی از مدل الگوی اقتصاد سنجی توبیت استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد تنوع تامین معاش اندازه‌گیری شده توسط شاخص تنوع هرفیندال-هیرشمن، دارای اثر مثبت و معناداری بر فعالیت‌های مدیریت پایدار کاربرد زمین است. همچنین یافته‌ها نشان داد کشاورزانی که دارای تعداد نیروی کار بیشتر و دارای مالکیت زمین کشاورزی بیشتر بوده و همراه با فعالیت‌های کشاورزی درگیر اشتغال در فعالیت‌های غیرکشاورزی و یا فعالیت‌های ترکیبی بوده، به طور قابل توجهی از شیوه‌های مدیریتی زمین بیشتری استفاده نموده‌اند. لذا می‌توان گفت معیشت روستایی یکپارچه و استراتژی مدیریت زمین می‌تواند به طور قابل توجهی به افزایش عملکرد محصولات کشاورزی و به تبع به پایداری اقتصاد خانوارهای کشاورز در منطقه مورد مطالعه کمک شایانی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis correlation livelihood diversification strategies with the management of agricultural lands (rural areas in Poledokhtar County)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehrshad Tuolabi nejad 1
  • Aboozar Paidar 2
چکیده [English]

This study examines the diversity of livelihood strategies and their relationship with management Shyvh‌ agricultural land. The aim of the present study, the analytical method is applied. Inventory data collection instrument (structured and unstructured) interviews with the local people. The population consisted of heads of households in the city Poldokhtar is the farmer (11289N =). Using Cochran formula and simple random sampling method, 379 heads of households was agriculture. To analyze the relationship between livelihood diversification and management of agricultural lands econometric model Tobit model was used. The results showed that the Herfindahl-Hirschman livelihood diversification measured by the index variation has a significant positive effect on sustainable land management activities. The findings also showed that the number of workers and family-owned Khanvrhayy on agricultural lands and agricultural activities involved with non-farm employment Drfalyt‌Hay or a combination of activities, significantly from practices more use of land management, which in turn also increases the diversity of living for them. It can be said that integrated rural livelihoods and land management strategies can jointly increase in subsistence farming and land management practices help more.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Livelihood diversification
  • Land management
  • Agriculture
  • Tobit model
  • Poledokhtar Township

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