عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Despite great efforts in preparing and implementing urban development projects in Iran, these plans have not succeeded and failed to reach the goals, especially in fulfillment of service centers and raising of public per capita level. Since these plans have a high position in the urban planning system, lack of realization and success of them created undesirable and sometimes irretrievable effects in cities. Disregarding the benefits of these plans, has caused several critical studies to be performed. In this paper, by using applications model (SWOT) it is tried to review both the possibilities and limitation of the "plan preparation' and ''plan execution" and ultimately provide strategies to increase the effectiveness of the urban development plans. In this model, that is a strategic tool; firstly, effective factors in planning are divided into internal and external environment agents which are strengths and weaknesses points and opportunities and threats respectively. Then, based on the primary studies; aggressive, variety, review and defensive strategies are determined and presented. Results from this study show that a fundamental change should be done in preparation and implementation of the plans. Giving significance to the people and local agencies in preparing and implementing of urban development plans is the priority of these changes.